CBD topical products like cream, ointment, lotion, balm, etc., are popular among customers due to their many purported skincare benefits. This is due to cannabidiol’s therapeutic effects like reducing inflammation, pain, promoting skin regeneration, antioxidant effects, and so on. You must know that this cannabinoid is an oil-soluble compound. Also, most CBD topical products have an oil base so that they are easily absorbed into the skin. The purpose of this article is to investigate how CBD oil is absorbed into the skin.
Cannabidiol (CBD) products used for topical application are combined with an oil or lipid-rich base to increase its absorption. You must know that the bioavailability of cannabidiol through the skin is very less. Compared to CBD oil consumed orally, the one that is applied to the skin is more viscous because of the lipid-rich carrier liquid. Besides, other essential oils are mixed with CBD topical oil to enhance its therapeutic effects. The high lipid-rich nature of this oil helps cannabidiol molecules to easily diffuse across the outer layer of the skin and get deep into the skin.
The outer layer of the skin called the stratum corneum acts as a protective barrier. It consists of skin cells bound together by lipids, which are like bricks held together by mortar. Since CBD topical oil has high amounts of lipids, it passes through the pores and gets into deeper layers of the skin. Here, it interacts with local cannabinoid receptors of the endocannabinoid system (ECS); its effects are localized and immediate. For instance, CBD balm, oil, ointment, cream, etc., can be useful for reducing the inflammation and pain due to arthritis.
Generally, when you apply CBD topical, it does not enter the bloodstream because it does not penetrate deep into the skin. This is also the reason for its localized effect rather than systemic effect. However, studies have shown that applying large quantities of it can result in it entering the bloodstream. But this is less efficient when compared to oral consumption of CBD. Moreover, a reliable way for delivering cannabidiol to the bloodstream through the skin is by using transdermal patches. This is achieved by using the principle of a concentration gradient. The transdermal patch will have a concentrated reservoir of cannabidiol, and it is applied in areas of the body where the skin is thin.
In a nutshell, CBD topical oil can be useful if you want localized relief from pain, inflammation, and other discomforts.
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